Water scarcity across the globe calls for the utilization of unconventional sources of freshwater and thus unique membrane materials that can withstand many different chemical and physical environments. The Kaner Group strives to develop novel and scalable techniques for modifying existing membrane materials or for fabricating new ones for water and other separation processes. Building off of the group’s extensive background in the chemistries of graphene oxide and polyaniline, the group develops chemistries to take advantage of their properties in the context of creating anti-fouling membranes. Additionally, the group’s success with perfluorophenyazide photochemistry allows for the exploration of an almost endless array of scalable membrane modifications to be developed. In terms of membrane fabrication, the group’s work developing highly selective gas separation membranes has evolved into a keen interest into building highly effective and resilient membranes for reverse osmosis desalination membranes and organic solvent nanofiltration membranes. The group’s present work developing a top-down method for making membranes could enable the introduction of a new class of composite membranes and better understanding of the feasibility for using novel inorganic materials to aid in membrane performance.